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INDIAN SPICE INDUSTRY
INDIA PRIMARILY
EXPORTS PEPPER,
CHILLI, TURMERIC,
GINGER, CARDAMOM,
CORIANDER, CUMIN,
FENNEL, FENUGREEK,
CELERY, NUTMEG AND
MACE,
TAMARIND,
GARLIC AND
VANILLA
INDIA—THE LAND OF SPICES
SOME APPLICATIONS
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India is known as the home of spices and
boasts of a long history of trading with
the ancient civilisations of Rome and
China. Today, Indian spices are the most
sought-after globally, given their exquisite
aroma, texture and taste. India has the
largest domestic market for spices in
the world.
Pharmaceuticals
Medicine
Beverages
Food processing
Personal hygiene products,
including cosmetics
India's varying climatic conditions offer
enormous scope for the cultivation
of a variety of spices. Almost all Indian
states produce spices. About 3.21 million
hectares were under spices cultivation
and produced .95 million tonnes in 20 1-
2, with "OEISB 1SBEFTI Gujarat, 3BKBTUIBO
,BSOBUBLB, .BEIZB 1SBEFTI, Tamil Nadu,
"TTBN and West Bengal being UIF UPQ
producers.
India is the world's largest producer and
exporter of spices of the 109 varieties
listed by the International Organization for
Standardization (ISO), as the country
produces about 75 varieties of spices.
KEY MARKETS
The US is the major importer followed by
China, the UAE, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia,
the UK, Germany, Singapore and Sri Lanka.
Exports to the US grew at a rate of 11.6
per cent from US$ 215.4 million in 2007-08
to US$ 334.8 million in 2011-12.
Exports to China grew from US$ 86.1
million to US$ 181.0 million, to the UAE
from US$ 44.8 million to US$ 122.7 million
and to Malaysia from US$ 89.1 million to
US$ 113.3 million during the period 2007-08
to 2011-12.
Source: Spices Board of India
Vietnam
16.4
8.9
6.0
4.1
3.8
3.6
3.6
3.1
35.0
Major Markets for Indian Spices in
2011-12 (in %)
The Netherlands
5.6
4.4
2.8
2.7