Remember those days, when your mother asked you to bring coriander to complete her dish with the last-minute-ingredient, and you got her celery? Yes, it has happened with us too.
Though Celery, Parsley and Coriander are closely related, all three plants are different.
The difference between the Celery, Parsley and Coriander:
1. Parsley was initially cultivated in the central Mediterranean region. Coriander originated in the Western Asia and southern Europe, whereas celery started its journey from France and England followed by USA and Europe.
2. The botanical name of parsley is Petroselinum crispum, coriander is known as Foeniculum vulgare, and Celery is called Apium graveolens. Both parsley and coriander belong to the Apiaceae family.
3. Majorly cultivated for their edible leaves, parsley and coriander are the seasoning agents mainly used in South Asian and Western food dishes. On the other hand, Celery is an aromatic and herbaceous plant grown for its leaves, seeds and essential oil.
4. Parsley is a biennial herb and produces leaves of 10–25 cm long, with many 1–3 cm long leaflets. Coriander, an annual herbal plant which grows to 50 cm in height, has feathery leaves which vary in shape. Whereas Celery, a winter and herbaceous plant, usually grow 60 to 120 cm in height with oblong leaves.
5. In terms of flavour and aroma, coriander, which is also known as Cilantro, is stronger than parsley and celery. Parsley is more delicate and carries a mild flavour and aroma compared to coriander. Whereas celery, which gives a subtle flavour to food dish, is used for tinned foods.
6. Coriander leaves are slightly lighter green and round, whereas Parsley leaves are dark green in colour and sharper.
7. Parsley is used as a food dish garnish, coriander, an aromatic and savoury herb is used for cooking and medicinal uses. Celery leaves are used in salad, soups and juices.
All three plants are different, coriander is soft and sweet in taste, and celery gives more earthy texture, whereas parsley contributes more hardy texture to your food dish
In India, coriander seeds and leaves are used as a common food flavouring agents and mostly cultivated in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, UP and southern states like AP, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu. Celery is cultivated mainly in the states of Punjab, Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh.