Types of Coffee
Two types of coffee are drunk worldwide and most commonly - Arabica and Robusta. Both of these grow from two main varieties of coffee: Coffee Arabica and Coffee Robusta respectively. And while there are various species of coffee plants, Arabica and Robusta probably fall among the most important kinds if one were to look at this from a purely commercial standpoint.
Also popularly referred to as "mountain coffee" or the "coffee shrub of Arabia", or Arabica is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, and today represents close to seventy percent of the global production market.
In the cup, an espresso that is well-prepared and borne of exclusive high-quality Arabica is wonderfully fragrant, round and sweet, with a slight and pleasant acidity.
Robusta coffee is coffee that comes from the Coffea canephora plant, a sturdy species of coffee bean with high bitterness and low acidity. Robusta coffee beans come from a resilient plant that grow easily even in altitudes as low as 200-800 meters above sea level. Plus these beans aren't very susceptible to damage done by pests making them hardy and a favourite with farmers and plantation owners.
Other interesting Coffee varieties that you can read about to learn more, particularly the varieties grown in India are:
and Sln.9 Coffee (Selection 9 Coffee)
Regional Coffee Varieties Include:
Coffee from Anamalais (Tamil Nadu)
Coffee from Araku Valley (Andhra Pradesh)
Coffee from Bababudangiris (Karnataka)
Coffee from Biligiris (Karnataka/Tamil Nadu)
Coffee from the Brahmaputra Region
Coffee from Chikmagalur (Karnataka)
Coffee from Coorg (Karnataka)
Coffee from Manjarabad (Karnataka)
Coffee from Nilgiris (Tamil Nadu)
Coffee from Pulneys (Tamil Nadu)
Coffee from Sheveroys (Tamil Nadu)
Coffee from Travancore (Kerala)
Coffee from Wayanaad (Kerala)