Though BabaBudan was the great man who introduced Coffee to India, the country has been leading the tradition with royalty, since centuries. Specifically, the southern part of India has been growing different kinds of coffee, which is also known for dominating the coffee production.
Coffee Arabica which is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, contributes 70 percentto the global production of coffee. The Indian variant of the Arabica Coffee, which is also known as Koffey Arabica was yielded in the Year 1918 in India. Coffee produced from this plant is more acidic and caffeinated, though it is less acidic.
Currently, it is majorly cultivated in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
Varieties of Arabica Beans grown in India:
As mentioned above, Kents coffee is the oldest variety of Arabica coffee, which was selected by an Englishman L.P. Kent, a planter of the Doddengudda Estate in Mysore during the 1920s. Kent coffee is known for its exceptional cup quality. However Kent Coffee remained rife only until the 1940s because of its lower susceptivity of this plant to rust.
One of the most famous varieties of Arabica coffee in India is S.795, which was launched around the 1940s. Known for its excellent quality, high yields, bold beans and better comparative tolerance to leaf rust, the S.795 coffee plant is a widely cultivated Arabica variety. With a subtle flavour of notes of Mocha coffee, S.795 coffee will bring you a balanced cup of coffee. However, did you know S.795 coffee plant was produced using the Kents Arabica coffee plant?
Commonly known as Catimor, Cauvery Coffee is a derivative of a cross between Caturra with Hybrido-de-Timor, a mutant of the high-quality Bourbon variety. Cauvery coffee has been successfully inheriting the superior quality of Caturra and the tough resistance of Hybrido-de-Timor.
Selection 9 Coffee
Boasting the superior cup quality traits of Tafarikela, an Ethiopian Arabica collection and the tough resistance of Hybrido-de-Timor, the Selection 9 coffee is a derivative of a cross between them. It is also popular for winning 'Fine Cup Award' for best Arabica at the Flavour of India – Cupping Competition 2002, which was organised by Coffee Board of India.