You know it as the sizzling spice that adds flavour to your favourite dish but do you know, in early civilizations like Incas and Mayans, chillies were actually used as a currency. There are many such interesting facts related to chilli and here we are sharing a few of them with you.
South American Roots
Chillies have their roots in South America. They are being eaten in Central and South America since 7,000BC. That’s the reason why they are believed to be world’s oldest condiment. They say it was Christopher Columbus and his physician Diego Alvarez Chanca who brought chillies to Spain in 1493.
Certain parts of chillies are hotter than others
Many people believe that chillies’ seeds are its spiciest or most pungent part. But that isn’t the case; it’s the flesh near them that leaves you fuming. The part of chilli nearest to the stem is usually the one that has the highest concentration of capsaicin and gives your tongue that distinct burning pain.
Yes, chillies are rated for their hotness on a scientific scale called the Scoville scale, named after a pharmacist named Wilbur Scoville. While mild bell peppers or chillies fall within the 1-100 SHU (Scoville Heat Units) side of the scale, hotter ones like cayenne are more like 30,000 – 50,000 SHU.
You know, where our Bhut jalokia lies? It is rated at more than 1 million Scoville heat units.
More Vitamin C than Orange
If you thought oranges are the best source of vitamin C, you need to update your general knowledge. Chillies have nearly double the amount of Vitamin C as compared to your orange.
You would be surprised to know that Indian scientists have been working on special chilli based grenades. Well, if that’s the case, what better option than record holder Bhut jalokia to be employed in the service of the nation?