India is known as the home of spices and boasts of a long history of trading with the ancient civilisations of Rome and China.
India is world's largest producer and exporter of spices. Of the 109 varieties listed by the International Organization for Standardization the country produces and exports about 75 varieties.
Indian spices are most sought after globally, given their exquisite aroma, texture and taste. India has the largest domestic market for spices in the world.
India has a wide variety of climatic conditions and soil topography, which are suitable for growing several different varieties of spices. Every state and union territory of India has its own spice portfolio.
The entire concept of curry originated from India. The British love curry so much that it has been declared a national dish in the UK.
India's Spice Board supports organic initiatives, promotes exports of all 52 scheduled spices and facilitates GI Registration.
GI registration has been obtained for various spices such as Malabar pepper, Allepey green cardamom, Coorg green cardamom, Guntur sannam chilli and Bydagi chilli.
India has its own National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP), which has equivalence with EEC 2092/91 and NOP.
The Spices Board's quality evaluation lab at Kochi is ISO 9001:2000, 17025, 14000 certified, NABL accredited and is well equipped to extend all physical, chemical and microbiological analysis to the spice industry.
Cardamom enjoys a premium preference in the Middle East, Japan and Russia for its distinct enriching process.
Indian cardamom is offered in different grades: 'Alleppey Green Extra Bold', 'Allepey Green Bold', and 'Allepey Green Superior' (AGS).
The enzyme isolated from chilli is used in the treatment of certain types of cancers.
Tellicherry pepper from coastal region of Northern Kerala is considered the most aromatic variety of pepper with a clean bouquet and relatively less pungency.
Turmeric, a native crop of India is considered to be a home remedy. Curcumin, the main component in turmeric is finding immense value in the field of modern medicine.
Piperine, the pungent principle in pepper oleoresin, helps to enhance bio-availability and is therefore used in pharmaceuticals.