Brand India Plantations > COFFEE > Coffee Statistics

Coffee Statistics

Commercial plantations of coffee started in India during the 18th century. Over the years, the Indian coffee industry has earned a distinct identity on the coffee map of the world. India is the only country in the world where all coffees are grown under a ‘well-defined two-tier shade canopy of evergreen leguminous trees’. India is today home to 16 unique varieties of coffees sourced from 13 distinct coffee growing regions; most of them in the southern part of the country. The different varieties of Indian coffees are well suited for cappuccinos and espressos alike and have no parallel in any other coffee growing nation globally. India’s coffee regions are one of the 25 biodiversity hotspots in the world.

Production

Coffee production in India grew rapidly in the 1950s, increasing from 18,893 tonnes in 1950-51 to 68,169 tonnes in 1960-61. Growth in India’s coffee industry, however, has been especially robust in the post-liberalisation era, backed by the government’s decision to allow coffee planters to market their own produce, rather than selling to a central pool. Coffee production in India stood at 348,000 metric tonnes (MT) in 2015-16. Robusta variety accounted for 244,500 MT (70.3 per cent) of this production, while Arabica accounted for 103,500 MT (29.7 per cent). The post-blossom estimate for 2016-17 is 320,000 MT (100,000 MT of Arabica and 220,000 MT of Robusta) India has emerged as the seventh largest coffee producer globally; after Brazil, Vietnam, Columbia, Indonesia, Ethiopia and Honduras. It accounted for 2 per cent of the area under production and 3.7 per cent of the production in 2012 as compared to 3.18 per cent of production in 1992-93. In 2015-16, India accounted for 4.05% of global coffee production.

The area under coffee plantations in India has increased by more than three times, from 120.32 thousand hectares in 1960-61 to 397.147 thousand hectares in 2015-16. Most of this area is concentrated in the southern states of Karnataka (54.95%), Kerala (21.33%) and Tamil Nadu (8.18%). Productivity has also improved from around 567 kg/Ha in 1961 to around 876 kg/Ha during 2015-16. For the traditional areas, productivity has grown from 412 kg/Ha in 1961 to 1,008 kg/Ha in 2015-16. The industry is driven by the enterprise of around 280,241 coffee growers, out of which 99% are small growers, while 1% are medium to large growers. These plantations employ an average of around 632,993 people on a daily basis, as per estimates for 2015-16.

Expore n Major States/Districts Of India(in MTs)


       State/District

          Post Blossom Estimate 2016-17

          Final Estimate 2015-16 
     

Arabica

Robusta

Total

Arabica

Robusta

Total

Karnataka

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chikmagalur

38,750

38,035

76,785

40,600

41,400

82,000

Kodagu

17,510

103,925

121,435

19,150

118,150

137,300

Hassan

18,225

12,900

31,125

18,900

13,320

32,220

Sub total

74,485

154,860

229,345

78,650

172,870

251,520

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kerala

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayanad0

0

51,950

51,950,

0

57,850

57,850

Travancore

990

6,750

7,740

1,000

7,480

8,480

Nelliampathies

1,150

300

2,750

1,200

1,700

2,900

Sub total

2,140

60,300

62,440

62

2,200

67,030

69,230

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tamil Nadu

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pulneys

6,550

365

6,915

6,785

340

7,125

Nilgiris

1,400

3,750

5,150

1,325

3,575

4,900

Shevroys (Salem)

3,625

70

3,695

3,400

70

3,470

Anamalais 





(Coimbatore)

1,300

500

1,800

1,300

500

1,800

Sub total

12,875

4,685

17,560

12,810

4,485

17,295

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non Traditional




Areas

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andhra Pradesh

9,750

50

9,800

9,150

50

9,200

Orissa

650

0

650

600

0

600

Sub Total

10,400

50

10,450

9,750

50

9,800

North Eastern Region

100

105 

205

90

65

155

Grand Total (India)

100,000

220,000

320,000

103,500

244,500

348,000


Exports

India exports coffee to over 45 countries. The total coffee exports from the country stood at 277,696 MT in 2015-16 (provisional based on export permits from April 1, 2015 to February 29, 2016) against the target of 265,000 MT, fetching a value of Rs 164,187/tonne. Export earnings have increased from Rs 1050.36 crore (US$ 177.26 million) in 2001-02 to Rs 4,559.42 crore (US$ 699.67 million) in 2015-16 (provisional based on export permits from April 1, 2015 to February 29, 2016), growing at a CAGR of 11.05% during the period. Italy was the largest export market for Indian coffee, importing 59,968 MT (21.1% of India’s total exports) in 2014-15. It was followed by Germany (26,190 MT), Russian Federation (22,460 MT), Turkey (15,878 MT) and Belgium (12,209 MT). Significantly, value added coffee exports have improved their share to reach 95,481 MT in 2014-15 (from October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2015).

No.of Holdings


Name of the Region

 

2014-15

<10

>10

Total

Chikmagalur

14853

1166

16019

Hassan

11228

350

11578

Madikeri

20422

236

20658

Virajpet

22864

253

23117

Total for Karnataka

69367

2005

71372

Kerala

77110

275

77385

Tamil Nadu

15379

343

15722

Total for Traditional Areas

161856

2623

164479

Non Traditional Areas

151842

26

151868

NER Region

9055

9

9064

Grand total

322753

2658

325411

Export of coffee from India – Top 10 countries in 2014-15


Destination

Quantity (in MT)

Unit value in Rs/tonne

Italy

79,692

143,086

Russian Federation

27,858

169,134

Germany

27,600

167,840

Belgium

16,600

184,251

Turkey

14,307

170,073

Slovenia

10,886

123,694

Jordan

10,076

216,646

Australia

6,741

188,884

Greece

6,646

129,619

Poland

6,507

141,724

Domestic market

While coffee in India has traditionally been an export-oriented commodity, coffee planters in India are finding significant traction in the domestic market as well. India’s domestic coffee consumption has increased steadily from around 50,000 MT in 1998 to 115,000 MT in 2011 (provisional estimates), registering a CAGR of 6.09%. This has led to the setting up of a number of international and Indian coffee retail chains in the country in recent years like Lavazza, Café Coffee Day, Costa, Gloria Jean’s Coffee, Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf; and Starbucks in a 50:50 JV with Tata Global Beverages.

Besides viewing India as a market, these chains are also recognising the fine quality and value proposition that is characteristic to India’s coffee plantations; thanks to a rich legacy that spans more than four centuries. Consequently, they are also looking to develop a deeper and sustainable sourcing relationship with Indian coffee growers. India is witnessing a dramatic evolution of the coffee consuming culture across the Indian market.

The ecosystem from the farm to the cup is evolving at a rapid pace to address this cultural shift; an evolution that is getting further catalysed by the entry of international players like Starbucks and Lavazza; who would look to leverage India as a market as well as a sourcing base.

Estimated Domestic Consumption (From 2000)

Calendar Year

Quantity (in MT)

2000

60000

2001

64000

2002

68000

2003

70000

2004

75000

2005

80200

2006

85000

2007

90000

2008

94,400

2009

102,000

2010

108,000

2011 (prov.)

115,000

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